The Czech Republic is a stable and prosperous market economy, which harmonized its laws and regulations with those of the EU prior to its EU accession in 2004. While the conservative, inward-looking Czech financial system has remained relatively healthy, the small, open, export-driven Czech economy remains very sensitive to changes in the economic performance of its main export markets, especially Germany.
Area: 78 867 km²
Population: 10 548 527 inhabitants
Currency: Czech Crown (CZK)
Currency rate: 1 EUR approx. 25 CZK
1 USD approx. 19 CZK
GDP (purchase power parity): $ 272.2 billions
GDP (per capita): $ 25,900
Life expectancy at birth: male 74,11 years, female 80,83 years
Number of healthcare institutions: 189
Number of physicians: 38 652
Physicians density: 3,625 phys./1000 population
Number of pharmacies: 2 630
|Office: CEEMED, spol. s r. o.
CZ-155 00 Praha 5
Phone +420 910 110 571
Fax +420 211 141 689
General principles of the health system in the Czech republic
Solidarity of the economically active with the economically inactive people means that every insured person pays an insurance premium as a percentage of their income regardless of what health care they receive or will receive.
II. High degree of self-administration.
III. Multisource financing with major share of public health insurance.
Health care is funded from public health insurance, direct payments, the national budget and regional budgets.
IV. Equal availability of health care for all insured persons.
The health care system strives to create conditions in which there are no differences in the availability of health care.
V. Obligatory vaccination against infectious diseases.
Organization of the health care system in the Czech republic
The public health insurance system of the Czech Republic is based on three interconnected pillars – insured person (person insured under the Act on public health insurance) – health care facility
(authorized to provide health care) – health insurer (institution with which the insured person is insured).
Health care is largely provided on the territory of the Czech Republic on the basis of compulsory health insurance. Foreign nationals participate in public health insurance when they have permanent residence in the Czech Republic and, if it is not the case, when they are employed by an employer with registered office or permanent residence in the Czech Republic. In some cases the state pays the insurance contributions (for example, for children without means of subsistence up to the age of 26, old-age pensioners). Concerning employment, the employer pays in health insurance contributions 13.5% of the employee’s gross wage and the employee contributes one third of this, that is 4.5%.
Outpatient care is provided by primary care physicians or specialists. These are general practitioners for adults, general practitioners for children and young people, dentists and gynaecologists.
A patient can visit a specialist physician in the Czech Republic without a referral from the primary care physician.
Institutional (inpatient) care
If the nature of an illness demands this, a primary care physician or outpatient specialist can refer a patient for hospital treatment or arrange for their admittance.
Inpatient care is provided in hospitals and specialized institutions, such as psychiatric hospitals and rehabilitation centres, hospices, sanatoria, long-term care hospitals.
Dispensing medicaments and medical devices
In the Czech Republic there is an extensive network of pharmacies dispensing medicaments and medical devices, both on prescription and over the counter.
Validity of prescriptions:
- a prescription from an emergency service is valid for one day after its issue,
- a prescription for antibiotics and antimicrobial chemotherapeutics is valid for 5 days,
- other prescriptions are valid for 14 days unless the prescribing physician decides otherwise.
Preventive examinations and vaccination against infectious diseases are performed by primary care physicians.
Scope of care reimbursed from public health insurance
Health care provided on the basis of public health insurance and reimbursed from this insurance covers:
- outpatient and institutional (inpatient) care
- emergency and ambulance services
- preventive care
- dispensary care
- supply of medicaments, medical supplies (e.g. hearing aids, bandages)
- balneological care, care in specialized children’s hospitals and sanatoria
- industrial health care
- transport of the sick, reimbursement of travel expenses
- forensic examination and post-mortem
Some medicaments are reimbursed in full by insurance companies whereas some are co-financed by the patients. In every category of medicaments there must be at least one reimbursed in full by an insurer. Costs of medicaments and medical devices during hospitalization are reimbursed in full by the insurer and the insured person does not pay directly.
Despite risks to the Czech Pharmaceutical market posed by upcoming healthcare reforms and unfavourable changes to pricing and reimbursement regimes, the market remains one of the most attractive in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). While lower growth is expected in the Czech market compared with its larger regional neighbour Poland, the industry has escaped large-scale cuts to reimbursement spending like those set to be introduced in Hungary. High per-capita drug market expenditure and a relatively high penetration of patented drugs continue to make this market attractive to international drugmakers.
Top 7 Steps to Negotiate the Best Quote for a Private Jet Charter
You want to shop around for your next private jet charter flight to see if you cheap nfl jerseys china could get a better rate. You go to a private jet charter broker’s website; you enter your itinerary; you get the $16,000 automated quote for a New York to Miami flight for which you paid $14,000 with another broker last month. You know you probably blew twice as much as that 2 grand markup at the Cesaer’s Palace last month; but what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas right? ‘These guys are nuts,’ you cry out hitting the back button on your browser.
Don’t let the automated quoting systems on private jet charter websites limit your options. Always keep in mind that the quote you receive on automated systems are approximate and can be beat 90% of the time by the firm’s aviation specialist to whom your quote is assigned.
Ensure that you enter your phone number and email address in the quote form and wait for an email or call from an aviation specialist to get the most competitive quote. Leave a comment indicating the best time and best method at which you could be reached.
Some automated quoting interfaces allow you to leave your contact information and search for a flight, without the need to submit it. When you don’t submit your quote, the aviation specialist will only have your contact information, and he/she will be unable to start the search for your preferred aircraft
immediately. Remember, aviation specialists have to search for available aircraft by sorting and investigating their list of operators that manage private jets.
Allow yourself and the broker as much time as possible to search for the aircraft, and price you prefer. Surf back to your carrier’s website and submit your quote with your point of origin and destination, even if the quote is priced outside your budget. $20K to $25K, preferred aircraft, departure and destination. This way, your carrier can start seeking the most competitive quote for your charter flight immediately. Your aviation specialist has more time to search for your preferred aircraft, and price.
If you just leave your contact information without submitting your quote, and a specialist is unable to reach you for a day, that’s a day of time that the specialist could have been searching for your preferred aircraft and price. Remember, planes are available for charter on a first come first serve basis. If you are quoted a short trip online on a Learjet 45 for $10K and your budget is for $8K, your Aviation Specialist may have another contact that could do the trip for $8K. Your specialist may receive a call from a client requesting that Learjet 45 on the day he/she could not contact you and secure it for the other passenger.
Let the broker know what you have budgeted for your trip. Your broker needs to know the budget to immediately rule out quotes that are out of your price range.
Let the broker know at which speed you have to get to your destination; private jet travel is scheduled to fly and land cheap jerseys when you decide. The specialist should know what aircraft is required to fly to your destination on time.
Disclose the lowest quotes you received from other private jet charter companies. You may find that the last trip you were quoted had too high a markup for you to swallow. A professional aviation specialist will take a cut on his standard margin just to get your business. However, the specialist can only do that if he/she knows what you’ve been quoted elsewhere. Don’t lie; aviation specialists have a good sense of the general price range of a trip. If you give them a price that is below that range they wholesale jerseys will know and stop wasting their time with you.
Let your broker know what peripheral services you require: catering, wholesale jerseys china ground transportation, security. Ensure all amenities are included in the final quote, so the aviation specialist wont have an excuse to markup the quote after its written.
Secure your flight as soon as your Aviation Specialist finds the ideal aircraft and quote suited for your budget, for aircraft is available on a first come first serve basis.
Neal Rodriguez formulates and executes interactive strategy for Imperial Jets, a private jet charter brokerage firm based out of New York City with offices in Miami and London. Visit Imperial Jets to secure luxury charter travel on a light, mid, super mid, or heavy sized private jet.Articles Connexes：