Slovakia has made significant economic reforms since its separation from the Czech Republic in 1993. Reforms to the taxation, healthcare, pension, and social welfare systems helped Slovakia consolidate its budget and get on track to join the EU in 2004 after a period of relative stagnation in the early and mid 1990s and to adopt the euro in January 2009. Major privatizations are nearly complete, the banking sector is almost entirely in foreign hands, and the government has helped facilitate a foreign investment boom with business friendly policies. Slovakia’s economic growth exceeded expectations in 2001-08 despite a general European slowdown. Cheap and skilled labor, low taxes, a 19% flat tax for corporations and individuals, no dividend taxes, a relatively liberal labor code and a favorable geographical location are Slovakia’s main advantages for foreign investors.

Slovakia provides good quality health care. Every village has a health centre and there is at least one hospital in every city and several health centres. Highly specialized hospitals are situated e.g. in Bratislava, Martin, Banska Bystrica and Košice. Emergency operates in every hospital open from afternoon till morning and at weekends 24 hours. Emergency medical service is operational 24 hours 7 days a week.


Key facts:


Area:  49 035 km²

Population:  5 400 000 inhabitants

Currency:  EURO (EUR)

Capital: Bratislava

GDP (purchase power parity): $ 126.9 billions

GDP (per capita): $ 23,400

Number of healthcare institutions: 143

Number of physicians: 16 848

Number of pharmacies:


Office:  CEEMED, spol. s r. o.               Družstevná 284/14

               SK-017 01 Považská Bystrica

               Phone +421 42 4320 886

               Fax       +421 42 4320 886


Health care in Slovakia is financed by health insurance. Health insurance in Slovakia is obligatory and shall be paid by every citizen of Slovakia. The insurance fee is deducted from the wages (employees pay 4% of their income into insurance fund; employers pay 10%). Medical insurance for children, the disabled and women on maternity leave is paid by the state. Some medical treatments such as plastic surgery or sterilization are paid by patients themselves. Medical treatments for administrative purposes are also paid by the patients. Price lists can be found in every health centre. Dental treatment in Slovakia is usually not fully covered by health insurance and many dentists in Slovakia do not have contracts with health insurance companies. In this case, patient covers the full treatment himself. Operations and hospital treatments in Slovakia are also covered from the health insurance. Most medications are partially covered by the insurance; some medications are even fully covered while others are only available full payment. Antibiotics and many other pills are only available on doctoral prescription.

Emergency care patients costs 60 SKK (1,99 EUR). Medical treatment for other foreigners is available for direct payment. There are these types of first contact doctors in Slovakia: general doctors for children or paediatricians, general doctors for adults, gynaecologists, dentists and specialists.

Medications are sold in pharmacies. There is a pharmacy in almost every village and several pharmacies in every town or city in Slovakia. The pharmacies in Slovakia have good stock of medications and drugs.

Costs of medicine

  • Three categories
    • Essential       drugs – fully subsidized
    • Partially       subsidized
    • Not       subsidized

Prescriptions for people with chronic illnesses or conditions or people from vulnerable groups

(pregnant women, elderly people) are always free.

Non-prescription drugs are often more expensive than prescription drugs.

Major problems of Slovak Healthcare System

  • Hospitals are under-funded and in debt
  • Lack of equipment, technology
  • Lengthy waiting lists for services
  • All services are free (or affordable), and more people want to utilize them
  • Quality of service suffers from underfunding